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US Elections - What does this mean for the global economy and investment markets?

Written by: William Buck on Thursday, 10 November 2016

The one thing markets and pollsters were not expecting - a Republican clean sweep of the Presidency, House and Senate - has happened.

The industrial heartland of America chose to support Donald Trump over  the Democrats, even though the popular vote was close.

The shock result sent equities and the dollar lower. Long dated US Treasuries initially rallied and then sold-off as the market assessed the fiscal implications. The full implications of what has happened will play out over time but one thing we can be sure of is that US politics just got a lot more interesting.

Although the official handover of the Presidency will not happen until noon on 20 January 2017, the political logjam that has existed in Washington for many years will start to free up as the Republicans exert their influence.  The more moderate factions within the Republican Party will probably act to limit some of the more extreme elements of President-elect Trump's policy agenda, if he does not choose to do so himself.

In general, we can expect Mr Trump's policies to be expansionary and likely to increase the budget deficit in the short term.  His policy platform includes cutting taxes and increasing government spending.  His conciliatory victory speech emphasised his plan to increase infrastructure spending substantially.

Once the initial shock of the election result goes away, such pro-growth policies would tend to favour equities over bonds.  Increased bond issuance to fund the fiscal expansion will limit the potential for sustained bond rallies.  Pro-growth policies should also see the US dollar resume its upward trajectory, as the Federal Reserve will eventually need to lean against the fiscal stimulus to reduce inflationary pressures.

In previous instances where Republicans have achieved clean sweeps, tax cuts have been substantial. Taken at face value, Mr Trump's policy platform includes large, broad-based tax cuts. He wants to consolidate seven personal income tax brackets into three (10%, 15% and 25%), resulting in big tax cuts for upper income earners.

Mr Trump also wants to reduce the top federal corporate tax rate from 35% to 15%, partially offset by the elimination of a range of business deductions, which would boost post-tax company profits and be positive for the US equity market.

On the trade front, Mr Trump has spoken in the past of removing support for the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) trade agreement, of scrapping the existing North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) and of imposing 35-45% tariffs on Mexico and China.

He has also spoken of repealing the Affordable Care Act (Obamacare) in the health sector and of relaxing (if not eliminating) regulations for segments of the energy industry (in favour of fossil fuels) and in the finance industry.  He has also spoken of increasing military spending and requiring allies to pay more for their own protection. A tougher stance on immigration has also been a hallmark of his campaign.

Concerns about global trade, which is already weak, becoming more restricted have some of  America's trading partners concerned.  However, it is likely, the more extreme elements of Mr Trump's policy platform will be  moderated once in office.

At the broadest level, the main thrust of President-elect Trump's policies should boost US GDP growth, put upward pressure on interest rates, lift corporate earnings and benefit the equity performance of cyclical industries.

In 21 Presidential elections since 1932, the S&P 500 has posted inconsistent performance in the first month immediately after election day, rising on roughly half the occasions.  However, once the market has had time to digest the election results, it typically rises.  In the six months post-election, the S&P 500 has risen nearly two-thirds of the time.

The equity market's knee-jerk sell-off after this election is likely to be temporary.  The positives for equities should outweigh the negatives, particularly if Mr Trump is seen to moderate his more over-zealous views that were always intended to help him win the election more than anything else.

The return of US profit growth was already happening before the election. Now it looks set to accelerate.

As evidenced during yesterday’s large trading losses the Australian share market will be volatile.   The implications for Australian investors are not clearly known but short term share market sell off’s will provide a buying opportunity.  Movement in US interest rates will have a bigger effect on the Australian share market in the short term and political issues will become less relevant - we saw this with the “Brexit” vote.  As always we recommend that shares are held through short term fluctuations.

If you have any questions or concerns, please get in touch with your advisor.  

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